About Cat Ba Island

Cat Hai district includes Cat Ba island and Cat Hai island, located in the northeast of Hai Phong city. Cat Hai is a sandy island located between two estuaries of Bach Dang and Nam Trieu.
Cat Hai district includes Cat Ba island and Cat Hai island, located in the northeast of Hai Phong city. Cat Hai is a sandy island located between two estuaries of Bach Dang and Nam Trieu, on the island there is one town and 4 communes.

Giới thiệu chung


Cat Ba is a complex of limestone mountains located in the south of Ha Long Bay, including 1 town and 6 communes. The average population of Cat Hai district as of 2005 is 27,827 people.
Cat Hai district in the northwest is adjacent to Yen Hung district - Quang Ninh by the Phuong river connecting Quang Ninh and Hai Phong. Northeast is Ha Long Bay. The three sides of Cat Hai are the East Sea, vast four seasons of wind and waves, hundreds of lighthouses shone in the night and night leading the way for boats to enter Hai Phong port. The total area of ​​the island district is 345 km2, including the mangrove forest. Cat Hai Island has its own characteristics, which are susceptible to encroachment of sandstones and deformed before tidal waves. 366 islands of corn stone up from the sea to form the Cat Ba archipelago in the "Ha Long Bay" complex of the world. The height of the Cat Ba mountains averages 200m above sea level. Cat Ba is the largest of the islands in the Gulf of Tonkin.
Because of the structure of limestone mountains, Cat Ba is created by nature with its magnificent appearance. Covering the rugged terrain is a diverse and plentiful vegetation. Cat Ba National Park is considered as a natural museum as a source of genetic resources of some rare herbs. Cat Ba is not only rich in herbs but also an environment to preserve many rare and precious animals, included in the list of red books of the world. The green of rocky mountains, forest trees and marbles of the sea give Cat Ba a wonderful dither. Hundreds of strange mountains with mysterious caves. Many bays are located deep in the island with small fine sandy strips, clear turquoise water makes coral populations shimmering in color. On the island there are surprising surprises: the lake on the mountain is still like a mirror; The trees and water like Ca Mau's Rhizophoria emanated into a clump that clung to the water that looked so beautiful. The mid-island meadow is flat, a blue color with enough visibility is spread out before the eyes, which gives us a feeling of standing in front of a steppe. Streams creeping deep in the forest deep day and night create chords of mountains and forests, giving us fresh fresh water. And it is impossible to mention the movement of mountains and forests between deep forests and caves in the mountains of the sea, each with a different beauty.
If Cat Ba is formed by hundreds of rocky mountains, Cat Hai Island has its own specific characteristics. Sand Hai is made up of sedimentary sand. This is the only island without mountains, flat. Each commune is reversed as a separate sand island connected by a dike system that is both an inter-commune road and a protection belt. Cat Hai, sand island is surrounded by nearly 20km of horizontal dykes protruding into the sea, challenging the nature of human strength. The rows of coconut trees and the green leaves of the green light reaching out to the wind confirmed the will of the people on the island.
Cat Hai, Cat Ba is a wonderful work of nature, not inferior to the famous landscapes of our country.
The nature of preferential treatment for Cat Ba is an immense resource area. Gold forest, silver sea, Cat Ba forest has many precious woods such as Lat Hoa, Kim Giao, Dinh, Ga Cu ... In which Kim Giao is a rare species in the world. Cat Ba forest also has hundreds of valuable and rare medicinal herbs, over three dozen rare and precious bird species such as Dai Bang, Da Da, Cu Gai, Ho Chi Minh, Chim Nhan, Bim Bip, ... Especially many High-sand bird, local people often called Phuong Hoang stone, rare reptile species such as Lord support weighs nearly ten kilograms, Chameleon, Pythons, Vajra, Pangolin, Sea snake are nowhere near as much. Cat Ba. Precious animals on the island of all kinds: Red-faced macaque, yellow-faced monkey, Son Duong, muntjac, Otter, Mink, squirrel, fox, civet, porcupine ... Especially white-headed langur (Local people often call monkeys black) This type of monkey shares the river with the herd, which is the animal that has been recorded in the red book that needs to be preserved in the world. According to the latest survey of an international organization and Cat Ba National Park currently on the island there are 200 children.
The sea area of ​​the island district has endless seafood resources with more than 900 species of fish, hundreds of species of mollusc, 400 species of crustaceans. Rare and precious seafood species such as shrimp dragon, prawn, crab, tortoise, blood cockle, pearl oyster, comedy with high nutritional value, are a special source of export. Flower baits hill Sea turtles with beautiful apricot are high-class materials for exporting handicrafts. The area of ​​reconnaissance in Cat Ba town, is a breeding ground for this type of Hawksbill in the Gulf of Tonkin. Cat Ba waters have dolphins "Dan pin" reside. This is a smart, gentle fish and a formidable enemy of the hung shark. Because of that, the area beaches on the island, the sharks do not dare to appear.
The climate in Cat Hai in the warm spring has small rain, light wind and lots of sunshine. In May and June, the wind blows strongly. Heavy heavy storms often appear in July August, September and October.
Real economic potential is rich, ancient self-inherent is already like that. Greatest male president has recorded: ... "A mountainous area erected like pearls and fish and shrimps as much as land and people race together to collect, rice cheeks are not available, tax is not much. The boat went through the stone seams and the people enjoyed the peace, more than forty years of ignorance of soldiers ... ".
Through historical periods, Cat Hai has many different names such as: Nghieu Phong, An Phong, Chi Phong, Hoa Phong, Cat Hai. The villages on the island are close to the sea for fishing. The village of Cat Ba village is located in an open valley overlooking the sea, where the stream is nuwowcs sweet all year round, on the dock under the boat. Due to the characteristics of living closely with the sea, rowing, sailing are cultural activities, the boat racing festival is the water festival of Cat Hai fishing villages. It is in the beginning of the wind and waves, with the vitality and the spirit of creative labor, people here have left unique cultural values. On Cat Ba town today, there are still vestiges of the temple of the women in the resistance against the Northern invaders. The marble of Gia Luan village used to be a place to gather wooden poles from Van rum to contribute to the victory of Nam Han army in Bach Dang Giang battle of Ngo Quyen in 938. The ancient Van Chan temple - Van Phong commune with sophisticated architecture into Hau Le (XV century) "Newly created beer stele" Gia Loc pagoda with a four-sided stone carving area with rare vivid patterns created from the period of "Fourth Thinh Canh" in 1797. Dinh Du Liang art of wonderful sculpture architecture expresses a talent for a time. In Xuan Chim commune, there is a part of architecture of stone statues built from the Mac dynasty in the sixteenth century. Hoa Hy Pagoda (Hoa Quang) is still relatively intact, with many unique statues, the pattern of stationary features on stone steles rarely seen on the pagodas of the North. The epitaph of Hoang Chau communal house is still in the name of Quoc Tu Giam: Nguyen engraved Minh, Bui Quang Trinh, Vu Tien Tuoc was a man from Hoang Chau village who had passed his studies at the highest academy in our country during the pre-Le period. Imperial. People on the island have the right to reconcile their father's education and passing paths for a while.
It can be said that the culture of Cat Hai island district is richly diversified because the island settlers originating from many meeting places are the community of people living on the coast of the coastal region. Cat Hai's natural environment was the cradle of ancient people. Archaeologists have excavated 17 places on Cat Ba Island. The results show that up to 15 points have traces of ancient people like Eo bout cave in Hien Hao commune, Tung Ba of National Park, Bo Da and Khoem Mui communes of Tran Chau and Ang Mien communes of Viet Hai commune. Especially the Cai Beo monument was discovered by a French archaeologist in 1938, through many excavations and results of carbon dioxide analysis, said the ancient Vietnamese people were here more than 6,000 years ago. In the upper layer of Cai Beo vestige, there is a relic floor containing typical relics of Ha Long culture. There is little animal bone in this layer. The artifacts here carry all kinds of Ha Long culture and also have specific characteristics that show the people of Ha Long background come here to live in the late period, the high development stage of the culture. this. Between the upper and lower floors of Cai Beo monument is a thin layer of no animals or bones of animals. This proves that there was a time when sea level rise flooded the lower layer, leaving a mark of the sea separating between early and late cultures. Cai Beo relic has a great historical value, affirming that ancient Vietnamese people have lived in this land for a long time.
Cat Hai island district has many legends and myths that are woven with wisdom and sentiment of people on the island for many years.
The story is that it has been a long time, this rocky island area was the rear base of women growing and gathering, providing food for them in the front against the enemy, when they came to occupy the island. Also from this battle appeared many brave female generals, so the old people named this island The Ba island then later deviated as Cat Ba island. Also from this traditional name since then women on the island have always promoted their role in the construction and protection of island districts. The names called Phu Long sand, Dau Voi mountain, Phuong river ... each place is a heroic area. The island district cannot help but be proud of its tradition. On the land of Nghia Lo village today there exists a temple worshiping the woman who gave birth to the brave village son Hung Son. Hung Son was the one who had the merit of participating in fighting the enemy of the King Hung Hung Friday. Legend of the brave village son Hung Son as a hero, a reverent spirit of patriotism of a people on this land
Due to the rugged terrain of mountains and forests, rich resources, the military has drawn a conclusion from the past:
"Winning the vi king
Cat Ba Ba vi "
Cat Ba Island was once the base of many revolts. In 1750 farmer leader Nguyen Huu Cau (ie He District) raised troops against the Trinh feudal regime that took Cat Ba island as a base. When the Nguyen court sold the country cheaply to France, the islanders were no less resentful than the resentment of the people of the whole country. In 1893 when the French troops landed on Cat Ba Island, fishermen on the island organized a battle to fight fiercely. The beginning of the revolt of Hoang Thong Te, a man from Tran Chau village, erected a revolt flag against the Nguyen's act of selling water (in 1873 - 1874). From Cat Ba land, the insurgents go where the feudal mandarins are beaten to that, the more powerful the beat. When the uprising spread to Quang Yen - Hai Duong came down to Thai Binh, the Nguyen court had to concentrate its coping force. On the sea, the sister of Hoang Thong Te, Hoang Lan Vu, also mobilized a first army along the coast to match Hoang Thong Te's army in Thai Binh. Faced with the power of the imperial army, the uprising of the brothers Hoang Thong Te and Hoang Lan Vo was extinguished. This revolt affirmed patriotism, the courageous spirit of the people on the island in general and Cat Hai women in particular.
Động hoa cương
 In the years 1889 - 1893 the French anti-colonial movement invaded the Tonkin people. French colonialism and feudal court directly suppressed the movement. Tien Duc, a coastal commander who had retreated to Cat Ba island to build up his forces, the rugged mountain area of ​​Cat Ba became one of the main bases of the insurgents. Tien Duc relied on the topography of Trung Trang, Mai Gua and Tra Bau areas to build plantations, central and post stations. The whole base was proclaimed like a fortress battle with solid stone traps. People on the island actively participated in the movement of the insurgents. German money selected a number of local people in their army to assign important tasks.
Cat Hai island district as well as many countryside in our country, in the history of building water and holding water, each page is filled with blood, sweat and tears. From the early dawn of the country, Cat Hai had beautiful front pages, ancient Vietnamese people used to live on this land. Cai Beo monument is a testament to the pride of every island citizen. The Cat Hai people from this generation to another generation always reinforce the tradition of industriousness in labor, bravery in battle, firm in the head of the wind. By virtue of diligence in labor, island people have constantly beautified nature more and more perfect.
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